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  1. After fiddling with it for a day, and getting it to work, I thought it would be nice to share the knowledge, especially since "officially" only ESXi is supported, and ESXi is picky about supporting stuff... The main reason for me to move to a hypervisor was because Synology has not yet introduced NVMe support AT ALL. And even with a kernel driver, the Storage Manager will not see it as an SSD, as an HDD, or anything. Synology is silent about this, even though some have requested it on their forums (although they do not have a model with M.2 NVMe connector yet, they have some models with full sized x16 or x4 PCIe ports, which can be used with an adapter card for NVMe). So I decided to try with a hypervisor. On one hand it makes installation easier, upgrading also, and I don't need a display connected (since most hypervisors provide a VNC connection to the guest OS). On the other hand, I can install the measly 2-3GB hypervisor and all the tools on the NVMe SSD, and have the rest mounted as a VMDK (or any other virtual disk file). The rest of the hard drives would use passthrough of course. I fiddled around with multiple options. XenServer simply refused to boot in UEFI mode, ESXi does not support my network adapter, or my built-in SATA controller (B250 chipset), Microsoft's Hyper-V server has issues if you do not have a domain server on the network, also as soon as the display output goes off, the device drops network connection. It left me with Proxmox. Never used it, and during installation I had some issues with the bootloader (both on 4.4 release and 5.0 beta). Luckily there's a workaround, since it is based on Debian, one can use the Debian netinst image, create a very basic system, and install Proxmox on top. I won't bore you with the details, there are enough guides about installing it to make me think twice before I write an (n+1)th version. So let's begin! Requirements: A working install of Proxmox 5.0 - it can be 4.4 too, but I only tested this on 5.0. Follow the guide to create the bridged network interface! The loader you wish to use. I recommend Jun's Loader, specifically 1.02a2 at the time of the writing of this guide. Steps: 0. Edit the loader (if needed) to your liking - MAC address, serial number, etc. This is especially important if you have multiple XPE systems on the same network. 1. Create a new VM in Proxmox. 1.1 Set the name, and make sure to note down the VM ID (if it is your first VM, it should be 100). I'll be using {VM_ID} as a placeholder from now on. 1.2 OS type should be "Linux 4.x/3.x/2.6 Kernel". 1.3 Set the CD/DVD to "Do not use media" (we will remove the virtual disk drive any way later on). 1.4 For the HDD, you should create a new virtual disk with the format of your liking (qcow2, vmdk or raw), this will be the initial drive. I made sure that it uses nearly the whole storage of the OS drive it was installed on (in my case it was a 256GB NVMe SSD, which, after setup and partitioning, resulted in a 226GiB root drive, of which I had 211GB free, so I set the virtual disk's size to 200GB). You can set it to any kind of bus, EXCEPT VirtIO. With VirtIO I had performance issues, so I went with SCSI (it supports up to 12 devices any way, so it is better). This is for the virtual disk only, VirtIO works just fine with passthrough devices. So apart from the bus, size and format, you don't need to touch a thing. 1.5 For CPU, set kvm64 with as many cores as your host has (incl. virtual cores if you're on a HyperThreading supported CPU!). In my case with the Intel G4560 this is 4. 1.6 For RAM, you should leave some slack for the host OS, I went with 7.5GB from the 8GB I have. Ballooning is not required. 1.7 Networking. This is where many things can go wrong. The VirtIO paravirtualized network adapter should work, but to be safe I went with the Intel E1000. On the left select Bridged Mode, with the previously created bridge as the first choice. You can also enable Firewall if you do not trust Syno's own. Leave the rest of the settings as default. 1.8 On the Confirm page, confirm your settings and create the VM. 2. After the VM is created, first thing to do is to remove the virtual disk drive (IDE 2, if everything went right). Then comes the hard part. 3. You have to add each and every HDD to the config file that you want to use for passthrough. The command is simple: qm set {VM_ID} -[protocol][port] /dev/disk/by-id/[disk-id] The {VM_ID} part is obvious, but what about the rest? [protocol] is the connection protocol you want to use. This can be sata, ide, scsi or virtio. I'm using SATA here, but you can use anything (IDE is not IDEal for us). SATA supports up to 6 devices (port indexes 0-6), scsi supports up to 12 devices, and virtio does not have a limitation to my knowledge. [port] is the first unused port of said protocol. E.g. if you set the initial disk during setup to SATA0, and you want to use SATA further here, you have to start numbering from 1. [disk-id] is the unique identifier of your HDD. Go to /dev/disk/by-id/ and list the disks you see. For most SATA devices, you'll see entries like "ata-[MANUFACTURER]_[MODEL]_[sERIAL]". So let's say I have 4 disks, with the disk-id's ata-1, ata-2, ata-3, and ata-4 (yours will be a lot longer, but don't worry, you can use the bash autocomplete with the tab key). For this to work I execute the following commands: qm set 100 -sata1 /dev/disk/by-id/ata-1 qm set 100 -sata2 /dev/disk/by-id/ata-2 qm set 100 -sata3 /dev/disk/by-id/ata-3 qm set 100 -sata4 /dev/disk/by-id/ata-4 Of course later on you can add further HDDs to a VM config by using the same command, just keep in mind the limitations of the protocols. 4. Now comes the hard part, we'll have to add the bootloader image file to the config. The config file is located under /etc/pve/qemu-server/, and is named {VM_ID}.conf. Open it with nano. This config file defines everything about the VM. Disks to mount, which device to use for booting, RAM amount, CPU cores, name of the VM, et cetera. Don't touch anything else than the lines you see here! Copy the synoboot.img to somewhere on your server. If you want to be consistent with the Proxmox setup, copy it under /var/lib/vz/images/{VM_ID}/ - you'll need root for that. After that, come back to the conf file, and open it again. You'll enter a few things here, make sure you pay attention! Enter the following line into the conf file, and make sure you replace the parts in the path! args: -device 'piix3-usb-uhci,addr=0x18' -drive 'id=synoboot,file=/var/lib/vz/images/{VM_ID}/synoboot.img,if=none,format=raw' -device 'usb-storage,id=synoboot,drive=synoboot' Make sure to replace the path to the synoboot.img with your own! One more thing to edit here, the boot device. Find the line that begins with "boot: " and replace it so it looks like this: boot: synoboot Save the file, then start the VM. It should start up without an issue, and you'll be able to use find.synology.com to find your server and install it.
  2. This is an updated tutorial version from the one I made last year. It will enable you to migrate from DSM 5.2 to DSM 6.1.7 directly without the need to upgrade to DSM 6.0.2 first. If for some reason you want to upgrade to DSM 6.0.2 first or simply you do not want to upgrade to DSM 6.1.7 but only to DSM 6.0.2 then use the link above. To upgrade from DSM 6.0.2 to DSM 6.1.7 read here. As most of you know by now Jun was able to find a way to install DSM 6 on non Synology boxes. Here is the thread that I recommend reading. At least make an effort and read the OP: https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/6253-dsm-6xx-loader/ Below is what you need for the operation. I will assume you are doing all this under Windows 10, 8, 7 or XP. If you are on a MAC computer have a look at this post I made on how to burn the image to a USB drive and then mounting the USB drive for editing the content. The rest of the tutorial still applies. If you are currently using DSM 5.1 or below first update to DSM 5.2. If you are doing a fresh install of DSM 6.1 then carry on with the tutorial and omit references to DSM 5.2. - Win32 Disk Imager to make a bootable USB drive; - A 4GB (or any size really) USB drive (flash drive) to install the loader. Not that this is necessary but use preferably a brand name (Kingston, SanDisk...); - A way to read your USB drive VID/PID. Here is a how-to >>> VID and PID; - A good text editor: Notepad++ I really don't recommend using Windows's Notepad; - DSM 6.1.4 PAT file. Chose the one you need: DS3615sx or DS3617sx or DS916+. Download the ".pat" file not the ".pat.md5" - Jun's official v1.02b loader (mirror). This is a hybrid UEFI/BIOS loader so it should work in most machines which are capable or reading GUID partition table (GPT). For older machines that can only read MBR the above loader will simply not boot. If that is your case then use @Genesys's v1.02b loader rebuilt image which is MBR based. Note: Jun's loader supports Intel CPUs. For AMD CPUs Jun has stated that the loader needs some work but it has been reported by many users using HP machines that it actually works. The C1E function in the bios (in some HP machines) needs to be deactivated. I am unsure for other motherboards brands therefore if you have an AMD machine that is not an HP you might be out of luck. Try looking in the bios configuration and play around. - Custom extra.lzma ramdisk. This ramdisk is optional and should only be used if the default ramdisk included in the loader is not detecting your hardware. I am just providing it for those who are having issues with network detection or unrecognised HDD controllers. This custom ramdisk contains additional and updated modules & firmwares. Credits go to @IG-88 for compiling the modules against the latest DSM 6.1.3 source code. I do not warranty they all work but I think most do. If you chose to use this ramdisk, you will need to replace (or rename, so you can revert) the default extra.lzma ramdisk from Jun's loader with this one. If you a have question specific to the custom ramdisk please post it in the topic of IG-88, not here. - If you are doing a fresh install make sure your drives are plugged in direct succession starting from the 1st SATA port. Usually the first port is described as SATA0 on motherboards. Check with your MoBo manufacturer for exact nomenclature. - OSFMount to modify the grub.cfg file within the loader's image and if necessary to replace the extra.lzma ramdisk with the custom one. This is not strictly necessary as Jun has made it possible to configure what needs to be modified via the Grub Boot Menu. If you prefer using Jun's Grub Boot Menu configuration technic, simply skip Point 4, read Note 4 instead and pick up at Point 5. PLEASE READ EVERYTHING PRIOR ATTEMPTING ANYTHING Use this loader at your own risk. I wont be held responsible for any loss of data or black smokes that may result in the use of this loader. Please note that this loader has a limited amount of modules (drivers) included. If it is fundamental for you to have a NAS operating as quick as possible I recommend you look at the included drivers very carefully at the bottom of this tutorial before attempting an upgrade. If they are not there you will have to compile your own modules/firmwares or use the custom ramdisk provided above. Don't ask me to compile modules for you. I wont do it. One last thing: DO NOT UPDATE DSM BEYOND VERSION 6.1.7 with loader v1.02b. IN OTHER WORDS DO NOT UPDATE TO DSM 6.2 You have been warned. Here we go: 1 - BACKUP your data and save your configuration prior any attempts to migrate from DMS 5.2 to DSM 6.1. I can't stress this enough. JUST DO IT, as Nike likes to say. Also, print this tutorial if you can. It will make your life easier. 2 - Turn off your NAS and unplug the USB drive you are currently using with DSM 5.2. I recommend you put this USB drive aside in case migration to DSM 6.1 doesn’t go as expected and you need to revert to DSM 5.2. It will just make your life easier. 3 - Now go to your workstation/PC, plug a new USB drive (or the old one if you really don’t have any spare USB drives). Use the link I provided earlier to check your USB drive VID/PID. Write down the info somewhere as we will need it later. 4 - Now launch OSFMount. Select Mount New, then select the image file you downloaded earlier (i.e. .img extension file) to open. Now select partition 0 (the one that is 15 MB). Click Ok. Then at the bottom of the window make sure to un-tick the "Read only drive". Click Ok. The partition should now be mounted in file explorer. At this point you can navigate to the /grub directory and edit the grub.cfg file. If you need to replace the extra.lzma ramdisk with the custom ramdisk provided above then you will also need to mount partition 1 (the one that is 30 MB). Below is what you will see in the grub.cfg file. I am only showing below the portion of the code that is relevant for the purpose of this tutorial [...] set extra_initrd="extra.lzma" set info="info.txt" set vid=0x058f set pid=0x6387 set sn=C7LWN09761 set mac1=0011322CA785 set rootdev=/dev/md0 set netif_num=1 set extra_args_3615='' set common_args_3615='syno_hdd_powerup_seq=0 HddHotplug=0 syno_hw_version=DS3615xs vender_format_version=2 console=ttyS0,115200n8 withefi elevator=elevator quiet' set sata_args='sata_uid=1 sata_pcislot=5 synoboot_satadom=1 DiskIdxMap=0C SataPortMap=1 SasIdxMap=0' set default='0' set timeout='1' set fallback='1' [...] You want to modify the following: Change vid=0x090C to vid=0x[your usb drive vid] Change pid=0x1000 to pid=0x[your usb drive pid] Change sn=C7LWN09761 to sn=generate your sn here with DS3615xs or DS 3617xs or DS916+ model (this will depend on which loader you chose) Change mac1=0011322CA785 to mac1=[your NIC MAC address #1]. You can also add set mac2=[your NIC MAC address #2] and so on until mac4 if you have multiple NICs. However, this is not necessary. Recommended: Change set timeout='1' to set timeout='4' - This will allow you more time to make a selection in the Grub Boot Menu when it appears on screen. Once you are done editing the grub.cfg file, save it and close your text editor. Now in OSFMount click on Dismount all & Exit. You are now ready to burn the image to your USB drive. 5 - Now use Win32 Disk Imager to burn the image file onto the USB drive. This will also make the USB drive bootable. 6 - Eject and unplug the USB drive from your workstation. Plug it in your NAS (avoid USB 3.0 ports. Use USB 2.0 port if available). Boot your NAS and before doing anything fancy, access your BIOS so to make your USB drive the 1st boot drive if it's not the case. The Jun official loader can boot in UEFI or in legacy BIOS, so you chose what suits you best. Also, make sure your HDDs are booting in AHCI mode and not in IDE. Finally, if disabled, also enable the serial port in BIOS. Some BIOS don't have this option so don't get too cranky on this if you can't find it. Save changes to the BIOS and REBOOT the NAS. 7 - Once rebooted, if you have a monitor connected to your NAS you will see the following Grub Boot Menu: ADVICE: even before you see the Grub Boot Menu press the up/down key. This will stop the countdown so you will be able to select the desired line. You won’t see much other than the following after you press enter: If you booted the USB drive in EFI mode then you will see the same text without the last 3 lines but that's ok. 8 - Now go back to your workstation, and launch Synology Assitant or go to http://find.synology.com. Within one minute or so you should normally be able to see your NAS on your local network (it took ~55 seconds on a test I did on a VM). Just follow the instructions and either chose "Install" if you wish to have a clean install or chose “Migration” if you are coming from DMS 5.2 and wish to update while retaining your data. You will be asked to provide the .PAT file you downloaded earlier (DSM_DS3615xs_15217.pat or DSM_DS3617xs_15217.pat or DSM_DS916+_15217.pat). 9 - When the migration is finished you will most probably have to update some of your packages. You can then proceed and update DSM 6.1 up to DSM DSM 6.1.7-15284. It is possible you might either need to hard reboot or re-image your usb drive. Make sure to deactivate auto-updates within DSM. Link to individual files (DSM and critical updates) can be found here: https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/7294-links-to-dsm-and-critical-updates/. DO NOT UPDATE TO DSM 6.2. The loader is not compatible. 10 - You are done. If you have questions, first search the forum and/or Google then leave a comment if nothing helps. Please provide your hardware specifications (motherboard model, LAN controller, driver controller etc). Failure to prove such information will lead to the post being deleted or not answered. -------------- Note 1: If after following the tutorial you can’t find your NAS through http://find.synology.com ou Synology Assistant it is highly possible that the drivers of your NIC are not included in the ramdisk of the loader. Make an effort and use Google to know what modules your NIC and HDD controller are using, then check if those modules are included in the custom extra.lzma ramdisk. If yes then use the custom ramdisk. Don't ask me to look for you. If nothing works then ask your question. Note 2: Synology increased security since the introduction of DSM 6. Root access through SSH is no longer possible out of the box. You can however use your admin account and elevate permissions with the following command if you need root permissions: sudo -i Note 3: Please check you have the right VID/PID prior proceeding. If you get the following error ”Failed to install the file. The file is probably corrupted. (13)" it most certainly means your VID and/or PID is/are wrong. If you still have the same error message after verifying the VID/PID then try another USB drive. Note 4: Configuration added to the grub.cfg file can also be done directly during the Grub Boot Menu, so technically you can skip Point 4 and burn the image on the USB drive without editing anything (read Point 5 onward first). If you wish to do the changes from the Grub Boot Menu directly you need to press the letter 'C' when you see the Boot Menu. You will literally only have one second, so be fast. Once you press 'C' you will be in a Grub command line environment. To change your VID enter the following: vid 0xYOUR 4 DIGITS USB DRIVE VID Do the same for pid, sn and mac1. Press enter at each command. The commands are: pid 0xYOUR 4 DIGITS USB DRIVE PID sn YOUR NAS SERIAL NUMBER mac1 YOUR NAS MAC1 ADDRESS If you have multiple NICs you can also issue mac2, mac3 and mac4 as commands. Maximum is mac4. See below: mac2 YOUR NAS MAC2 ADDRESS mac3 YOUR NAS MAC3 ADDRESS mac4 YOUR NAS MAC4 ADDRESS If you think you made a mistake in the numbers simply re-issue the command. When you are done press esc and select the appropriate menu entry. Below is an example (fake numbers) of how it looks under the Grub command line environment : Note 5: If you encounter the error "We've detected errors on your hard drives [drive number] and the SATA ports have also been disabled" during installation, then you have to fallback to adding SataPortMap to the grub environment. Press the letter 'C' at the Grub Boot Menu and then add the following: append SataPortMap=XX where XX is the number of drives. Don’t forget to update this parameter if you add additional drives to your machine. If you use Reinstall, don't forget to re-select the first line of the Boot Menu once the NAS has rebooted after the installation else the Loader will re-select Reinstall and you will be faced with some issues so please beware of this. @@@@@@@@ What does SataPortMap mean? @@@@@@@ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ############## Know issues ##################### - When running on a slow single core machine, there is a race condition that causes the patcher to load too late. The most obvious sign is that console is not working properly. - Some ethernet drivers crash when set MTU above about 4096 (Jumbo frame). ############# Included default modules & firmwares in Jun's Loader ############# ############## Tutorial UPDATES ##################
  3. Ce tuto est une mise à jour du tuto que j'ai déjà fait l'année dernière. Le tuto ci-dessous permet d'installer/migrer DSM 5.2 à DSM 6.1.7 directement sans devoir à passer par DSM 6.0.2. Si pour une raison ou une autre vous voulez migrer à DSM 6.0.2 d'abord ou alors tout simplement vous ne voulait pas migrer à DSM 6.1.7 mais souhaiter migrer à DSM 6.0.2 uniquement alors utilisez le lien ci dessus. Pour mettre à jour DSM 6.0.2 à DSM 6.1.7 voir ici. Comme la plupart de vous doivent déjà le savoir Jun a réussi un exploit en créant un loader permettant l'installation de DSM 6 sur du matériel non Synology. Voici le fil de la discussion pour ceux que ça intéressent: https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/6253-dsm-6xx-loader/. Il va vous falloir quelques outils. Je pars du principe que vous êtes sous Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista ou XP. Si vous êtes sur un MAC OS et que vous comprenez l'anglais réfèrerez vous au post que j'ai fait sur comment écrire et monter l'image sur une clef USB. Vous pouvez ensuite revenir sur ce tuto après avoir effectué les manips nécessaires sur MAC OS. Si vous avez des doutes n'hésitez pas à laisser un commentaire. Si vous êtes à DSM 5.1 ou sur une version antérieur, il faut tout d'abord mettre à jour DSM à la version 5.2. Si vous faites une installation fraîche de DSM 6.1 alors vous êtes bon pour la suite. Simplement omettez toute référence à DSM 5.2 Voici ce dont vous avez besoin: - Win32 Disk Imager. Application permettant de rendre une clef USB bootable. - Une clef USB que l'on utilisera pour y mettre le loader. 4GB suffiront largement. Je conseille une clef de marque (Kingston, SandDisk ou autre). Cela évitera les problèmes dans le future. - Comment connaitre le VID et PID de votre clef usb >>> voir ici - Un éditeur de texte avancé. Notepad++ fera l'affaire. L'éditeur de text Notepad inclu avec Windows est déconseillé. - DSM 6.1.4. Télécharger un des fichiers relatifs à un des 3 modèles suivant: DS3615sx ou DS3617sx ou DS916+. Télécharger uniquement le fichier avec l'extension ".pat" et non celui avec l'extension ".pat.md5". Les fichiers PAT viennent directement des serveurs de Synology, donc sans aucune altération. - Le loader (miroir) officiel v1.02b de Jun. Ce loader est hybrid c'est à dire qu'il marche en EFI ou BIOS donc il devrait marcher sur une majorité de machines capable de lire du GTP. Pour les machines plus vielles qui ne peuvent lire que du MBR ce loader ne marchera pas. Utilisez alors l'image du loader v1.02b faites par @Genesys construite à partir du loader de Jun mais faite avec une table de partitionnement de type MBR. Note: Le loader v1.02b de Jun est compatible avec les CPU Intel. Pour les CPU AMD cela n'est pas entièrement le cas mais plusieurs personnes ont mentionnée qu'il était possible d'utiliser ce loader. Il serait d'après eux nécessaire de désactiver la fonction C1E dans le BIOS (applicable aux machines HP comme le N40L ou N54L par exemple). Si vous avez un autre model/marque de machine AMD ne me demandez pas, je ne sais pas. Il faudra que vous regardiez dans le bios et fassiez des tests vous même. Partagez voter expérience ca en aidera surement d'autres. - Le ramdisk personnalisé extra.lzma. Ce ramdisk est optionnel et ne doit être utiliser que si le ramdisk par défaut inclus dans le loader ne permet pas la détection du matériel. Je le fourni pour ceux qui pourraient avoir des problèmes de détection réseau ou de contrôleurs de disques non reconnus. Ce ramdisk personnalisé contient des modules (drivers) additionnels qui ont été compilé par @IG-88 avec le code source de DSM 6.1.3. Je ne garantie pas qu'ils marchent tous. Vous devrez remplacer (ou renommer, au cas ou!) le ramdisk par défaut extra.lzma par celui ci. Si vous avez des questions spécifiquement liées au ramdisk de IG-88 merci de les poster directement dans le fil de discussion de IG-88, pas ici. - Faites attention à branchez vos HDD successivement en commençant par le premier port SATA normalement décrit comme SATA0 sur les cartes mères. Vérifiez avec le fabriquant de votre carte mère. Si vous faites une migration à partir de DSM 5.2 alors laissez tel quel. - OSFMount. Application permettant de modifier le fichier grub.cfg directement sur l'image. Ceci n'est pas strictement nécessaire car Jun a rendu possible la configuration du VID/PID, S/N et MAC directement à partir du Menu Boot Grub. Si vous préférez utiliser la nouvelle méthode il suffit d'omettre le Point 4, lisez plutôt la Note 4 et reprenez le tuto à partir du Point 5. SVP LISEZ TOUT LE TUTO AVANT DE FAIRE N'IMPORTE QUOI L'utilisation de ce loader relève de votre entière responsabilité. Ne me tenez pas responsable si vous perdez vos données ou que votre NAS part en fumée. Sachez aussi que ce loader contient moins de drivers que sous DSM 5.2 donc si il est primordiale pour vous d'avoir une machine opérationnelle h24 je vous conseille de lire en bas du tuto les drivers disponibles. Si votre module n'est pas inclus alors il vous faudra les compiler vous même ou utiliser le ramdisk personnalisé qui se trouve ci-dessus. Ne me demandez pas de compiler des modules à votre place, je ne le ferais pas. NE METTEZ PAS A JOUR DSM AU DELA DE LA VERSION 6.1.7 AVEC LE LOADER v1.02b. EN D'AUTRES TERMES NE METTEZ PAS A JOUR DSM A LA VERSION 6.2 A bon entendeur. Maintenant que vous avez tout ce qu'il vous faut, passons aux choses sérieuses: 1 - Faites un backup de vos données et de votre configuration avant toute chose. Cela évitera la pleurniche plus tard. Imprimez ce tuto si nécessaire. 2 - Eteignez votre NAS. Déconnectez votre clef USB avec votre loader 5.2. Je conseille que vous mettiez de coté la clef USB que vous utilisez actuellement avec DSM 5.2 et prenez une nouvelle clef USB pour DSM 6.1. Cela évitera de la refaire si l'upgrade ne marche pas pour vous et que vous avez besoin de revenir à DSM 5.2. 3 - Allez à votre PC, branchez votre clef USB et lancez votre application de choix permettant de voir le VID et PID de votre clef USB. Notez ça quelque part car vous en aurez besoin sous peu. 4 - Maintenant lancez OSFMount. Sélectionnez "Mount New", puis choisissez votre loader (fichier au format .img) dans "Image File". Une autre fenêtre s'ouvre. Sélectionnez la partition 0 (celle de 15 MB). Cliquez Ok. Sur la fenêtre principale décochez la case "Read only drive". Cliquez Ok. La partition de l'image devrait maintenant être montée dans votre explorateur de fichiers. Vous pouvez maintenant aller au dossier /grub et remplacer (ou renommé) le ramdisk par défaut extra.lzma par celui que j'ai fourni un peu plus haut. Maintenant revenez en arrière et aller dans le dossier /grub et éditer le fichier grub.cfg avec votre éditeur de texte avancé. Si vous avez besoin de remplacer le ramdisk par défaut par le ramdisk extra.lzma personnalisé il vous faudra alors aussi monter la partition 1 (celle de 30MB) avec OSFMount. Le contenue du fichier grub.cfg est le suivant: Je ne mets uniquement ici que la portion du code qui nous intéresse dans le cadre de ce tuto: [...] set extra_initrd="extra.lzma" set info="info.txt" set vid=0x058f set pid=0x6387 set sn=C7LWN09761 set mac1=0011322CA785 set rootdev=/dev/md0 set netif_num=1 set extra_args_3615='' set common_args_3615='syno_hdd_powerup_seq=0 HddHotplug=0 syno_hw_version=DS3615xs vender_format_version=2 console=ttyS0,115200n8 withefi elevator=elevator quiet' set sata_args='sata_uid=1 sata_pcislot=5 synoboot_satadom=1 DiskIdxMap=0C SataPortMap=1 SasIdxMap=0' set default='0' set timeout='1' set fallback='1' [...] Les données à modifier sont les suivantes: vid=0x090C par vid=0x[le vid de votre clef usb] pid=0x1000 par pid=0x[le pid de votre clef usb] sn=C7LWN09761 par sn=générez votre sn ici avec le modèle DS3615xs ou DS3617xs ou DS916+ (cela va dépendre que quel loader vous avez choisi) mac1=0011322CA785 par mac1=[l'adresse MAC du port réseau #1]. Vous pouvez rajouter set mac2=[l'adresse MAC du port réseau #2] si vous avez un 2ième port réseau et ainsi de suite jusqu'à mac4 mais ceci n'est pas nécessaire. Conseil: changez timeout='1' par timeout='4' - Cela rallonge la durée d'affichage du Menu Boot Grub lorsqu'il apparaitra à l'écran. Une fois finie l'édition du fichier grub.cfg, sauvegardez les changements et fermez l'éditeur de texte. Sur OSFMount cliquez sur "Dismount all & Exit". Vous êtes maintenant fin prêt à écrire l'image sur votre clef USB. 5 - Utilisez Win32 Disk Imager pour rendre votre clef USB bootable avec l'image que vous venez d'éditer. 6 - Ejectez votre clef USB chaude et brulante proprement. Branchez la sur votre NAS (évitez les ports USB 3.0). Démarrez la machine et accédez immédiatement à votre BIOS afin de le reconfigurer pour que le boot se fasse à partir de la nouvelle clef usb. Faites les changements nécessaires pour redémarrer en UEFI ou en legacy bios, c'est à vous de choisir. Aussi, dans le BIOS, les HDD doivent être configurés en AHCI et non pas en IDE. Finalement et si possible, activez dans le BIOS le port série si il ne l'est déjà pas. Toutes les cartes mère n'ont pas forcément de port série. Si c'est le cas pour vous alors ce n'est pas bien grave, le loader se chargera du problème. Sauvegarder les changements fait au BIOS et redémarrez. 7 - Une fois redémarré, si vous avez un écran connecté au NAS vous verrez le Menu Boot Grub suivant: CONSEIL: avant même que le Menu Boot Grub n'apparaisse cliquez de façon répétée les touches haut ou bas. Cela aura comme effet d'arrêter le compte à rebours et vous donnera le temps de choisir la ligne que vous voulez. Vous verrez l'écran suivant après avoir fait entrer: Si vous avez démarrer la clef USB en mode EFI vous ne verrez normalement pas les 3 dernières lignes. Rien de grave. 8 - Retournez à votre PC et lancez de préférence Synology Assistant ou alors allez à http://find.synology.com. Normalement si vous avez bien tout suivi votre NAS devrait être détectée sur votre réseau local au bout d'une minute environ (j'ai testé avec un machine virtuelle et ça a prit ~55 secondes). Il suffit ensuite de suivre les indications pour soit faire une installation fraîche soit faire la migration de DSM 5.2 à DSM 6.1. A un moment donné DSM vous demandera le fichier PAT (DSM_DS3615xs_15217.pat ou DSM_DS3617xs_15217.pat ou DSM_DS916+_15217.pat) que vous avez normalement déjà téléchargé. 9 - Une fois finie la MAJ ou l'installation fraîche, accédez à votre NAS comme d'habitude. Il vous faudra surement mettre à jour plusieurs applications. Vous pouvez ensuite mettre à jour DSM 6.1 jusqu'à DSM 6.1.7-15284. Il est possible que vous soyez obligé de faire un reboot forcé. Certaines personnes ont dû refaire la clef usb aussi. Désactivez la mise à jour automatique dans DSM. Si besoin est, voici ou télécharger les fichiers individuels (DSM et updates): https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/7294-links-to-dsm-and-critical-updates/ 10 - Voila c'est fini. Si vous avez des questions cherchez le forum/Google d'abord. Si vous êtes toujours bloqué alors posez votre question en donnant les spécifications de votre matériel (model carte mère, contrôleur LAN, contrôleur disk etc) faute de quoi votre post sera supprimé ou sciemment ignoré. -------------- Note 1: Si après avoir suivi le tuto votre NAS n'est pas accessible via http://find.synology.com ou Synology Assistant la raison la plus probable c'est que les drivers de votre carte réseau n'ont pas été inclus dans le loader. Faites un effort et utilisez Google pour savoir quel module votre carte réseau et/ou votre contrôleur de disque utilisent sous linux suite à quoi vérifiez que ces modules soient inclus dans le ramdisk personnalisé. Si vous le voyez alors utilisez le ramdisk personnalisé. Si rien ne marche alors poser votre question. Note 2: Une fois passé à DSM 6.1 sachez que vous n'aurez plus accès au NAS via ssh avec le compte root. Vous pouvez ceci dit y accéder avec votre compte administrateur puis élever les droits en utilisant sudo -i Ceci est tout à fait normal. C'est Synology qui a voulu sécuriser l'accès à DSM. Note 3: Vérifiez bien le VID/PID de votre clef USB avant d'entamer la MAJ. Si lors de la migration vous obtenez l'erreur suivante: "Failed to install the file. The file is probably corrupted. (13)" (ou l'équivalent en français) c'est que le VID/PID ne correspond pas à votre clef USB. Si vous avez toujours des problèmes après avoir bien vérifié le VID/PID alors essayez une autre clef usb. Note 4: Les changements effectués sur le fichier grub.cg peuvent aussi être fait directement à partir du Menu Boot Grub donc en principe il est tout à fait possible d'ignorer le Point 4 et écrire l'image synoboot.img sur votre clef USB sans rien modifier (il suffit de continuer à lire à partir du Point 6). Pour faire les modifications il faut appuyer sur la lettre 'C' lorsque vous voyez le Menu Boot Grub apparaitre. Il faut être vif car vous n'avez qu'une seconde avant que le menu disparaisse. Apres avoir appuyé sur la lettre C vous vous retrouverez dans une invite de commande grub. Pour changer le VID vous devez écrire comme suit: vid 0xLES 4 CHIFFRES VID DE VOTRE CLEF USB Faites la même chose pour pid, sn et mac1. Appuyez sur entrer à chaque commande. Les commandes sont les suivantes: pid 0xLES 4 CHIFFRES PID DE VOTRE CLEF USB sn LE NUMERO DE SERIE DE VOTRE NAS mac1 L'ADRESSE MAC1 DE VOTRE NAS Si vous avez plusieurs cartes réseau vous pouvez les rajouter de la meme manière: Le maximum c'est mac4. Voir ci dessous: mac2 L'ADRESSE MAC2 DE VOTRE NAS mac3 L'ADRESSE MAC3 DE VOTRE NAS mac4 L'ADRESSE MAC4 DE VOTRE NAS Si vous pensez avoir fait une erreur il suffit de refaire la commande. Lorsque vous avez fini appuyez sur Esc et sélectionnez la ligne du menu qui convient. Ci dessous un example a quoi ressemble l'invite de commande grub avec les commandes: Note 5: Si lors de l'installation vous recevez un message d'erreur de type "Nous avons détecté des erreurs sur les disques [numero des disques] et les ports sata ont également été désactivés, remplacer les disques et réessayer" alors il faut rajouter SataPortMap dans l'invite de commande Grub (ou dans le fichier grub.cfg). Appuyer sur la letter C lors du Menu Boot Grub et écrivez ceci: append SataPortMap=XX XX est le nombre de HDD présent. N'oubliez pas de mettre à jour ce paramètres si vous rajouter des HDD. Par ailleurs, si vous êtes amené à utiliser Reinstall, il ne faut pas oublier de sélectionner le mode normal (première ligne du menu grub) lors du reboot automatique après l’installation, sinon le loader sélectionnera à nouveau Reinstall et cela occasionnera des problèmes ultérieurement. @@@@@@@@ Précisions sur ce que veut dire SataPortMap= @@@@@@@@ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ############## Problèmes connus ##################### - Sur des machines à coeur unique et lent le "patcher" charge trop tard. - Certains drivers de cartes réseau plantent lorsque le MTU est au delà de 4096 (Jumbo frame). ############# Modules inclus dans le Loader de Jun par défaut ############# Modules & Firmware - Cliquez ICI Modules ata_piix.ko atl1.ko atl1c.ko atl1e.ko ax88179_178a.ko bnx2.ko bnx2x.ko BusLogic.ko button.ko cnic.ko e1000.ko ipg.ko jme.ko libcrc32c.ko libphy.ko mdio.ko megaraid_mbox.ko megaraid_mm.ko megaraid_sas.ko megaraid.ko mii.ko mpt3sas.ko mptbase.ko mptctl.ko mptsas.ko mptscsih.ko mptspi.ko netxen_nic.ko ohci-hcd.ko pch_gbe.ko pcnet32.ko ptp_pch.ko qla3xxx.ko qlcnic.ko qlge.ko r8168.ko r8169.ko scsi_transport_spi.ko sfc.ko skge.ko sky2.ko tg3.ko uio.ko usbnet.ko vmw_pvscsi.ko vmxnet3.ko Firmwares bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-06-6.0.15.fw bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-09-6.0.17.fw bnx2/bnx2-rv2p-09ax-6.0.17.fw tigon/tg3_tso.bin tigon/tg3_tso5.bin tigon/tg3.bin Hide ############### M.A.J du Tuto ################### Log des modifications - Cliquez ICI [13/09/2017] Création du tuto [15/09/2017] Ajout "[...] en donnant les spécifications de votre matériel (model carte mère, contrôleur LAN, contrôleur disk etc) faute de quoi votre post sera supprimé. Merci de cliquer sur le bouton 'Like this' si vous avez aimé le tuto." [17/09/2017] Ramdisk personnalisé extra.lzma de IG-88 mis hors ligne temporaire pour cause de problèmes avec certains modules. [18/09/2017] Lien générateur de S/N changé à https://xpenogen.github.io/serial_generator/index.html [27/09/2017] Ajout lien dans le premier paragraphe sur comment passer de DSM 6.0.2 à DSM 6.1 [27/10/2017] Ajout info supplémentaire a propos de AM: "(applicable aux machines HP comme le N40L ou N54L par exemple)." [27/10/2017] Modifier lien pour accès direct à la version v1.02b à https://mega.nz/#F!BtFQ2DgC!JgomNP3X8V9EuwxL4TXbng!EscjTCAB et https://mega.nz/#F!yQpw0YTI!DQqIzUCG2RbBtQ6YieScWg!iJZjAJoa (miroir) [14/12/2017] Tuto mis à jour pour DSM6.1.4. Suppression des log du ramdisk pesonalisé de IG-88. Le lien au ramdisk de IG-88 est fourni en debut de tuto." [26/12/2017] Lien pour passage de 6.02 à 6.1 modifié à: https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/7980-tuto-installermigrer-dsm-52-à-61x-loader-jun/?do=findComment&comment=77128 [26/05/2018] Mise à jour tuto à DSM 6.1.7. Ne pas mettre à jour à DSM 6.2 Hide
  4. Hello! I am xpenology user. And I am an IT engineer who creates shell scripts as hobbies. Please understand that it is written by a google translate site. because i’m korean who is not fluent in English. I created a tool to change cpu information for Xpenology’s users. Modify the actual cpu name and cores of your pc or server. Howto Run ============================================================= 1. Download attached file on your PC (ch_cpuinfo_en.tar) / (ch_cpuinfo_kr.tar is file for korean) 2. Upload file to your DSM location (by filestation, sftp, webdav etc....) 3. Connect to ssh by admin account. (dsm > control panel > terminal & snmp > terminal > enable ssh check) 4. Switch user to root: sudo su - (input admin password) 5. Change directory to where ch_cpuinfo_en.tar file is located: cd /volume1/temp 6. Decompress file & check file: tar xvf ch_cpuinfo_en.tar ls -lrt (check root’s run auth) 7. Run to Binary file ./ch_cpuinfo 8. When you execute it, proceed according to the description that is output. 9. Check your DSM’s CPU name, CPU cores at “information center” ==================================================== Addtional, Adjust binary to excute file made by shc(http://www.datsi.fi.upm.es/~frosal) The tool does not inclue worms, bad code. If you want to edit the CPU information yourself manually, please refer to the contents below. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Location : /usr/syno/synoman/webman/modules/AdminCenter Source : admin_center.js / admin_center.js.gz(above 6.2) Add Before -> if(Ext.isDefined(f.cpu_vendor)&&Ext.isDefined(f.cpu_family)&&Ext.isDefined(f.cpu_series)){ o.push([_T("status","cpu_model_name"),String.format("{0} {1} {2}",f.cpu_vendor,f.cpu_family,f.cpu_series)])} if(Ext.isDefined(f.cpu_cores)){o.push([_T("status","cpu_cores"),f.cpu_cores])} Add contents: f.cpu_vendor="Intel";f.cpu_family="Xeon";f.cpu_series="E3-1230 V2";f.cpu_cores="1"; ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Finally, All descriptions are based on version 6.2, and the actual executable file supports both 5.x and 6.x. Please contact me by comment or bug report, i’ll respond to you as much as possible within my ability. Test & Made Environment ———————————————————————————————————— Base Server : HP Microserver gen8 + VMware ESXi 6.0 + RDM DSM : 6.2-23739 Update 2 (DS3615xs/DS3617xs) 6.1-15284 Update 2 (DS3615xs) ———————————————————————————————————— Thank you!! Have a nice day!! ============================================= Update new version 2018.08.26 I made the tool by adding and improving the function. Please refer to above for how to use it. I delete the old version attached files, new version uploaded and attached. If you use last version tool, you can use without restore. Additional,  It does not yet apply to "mobile web" and "DS finders". it's working.... and... Polanskiman give editable permission to me. so, i can do first article.. thanks Polanskiman !!! ============================================================================ Update new version (ch_cpuinfo ver 4.0) 2018.09.13 1. Mobile support (just 6.x / not yet 5.x) You can see it when you go into mobile browser or "DS mobile" menu in "DS Finder" 2. Improved CPU information collection command Some dmidecode commands have been found to be missing information and have been improved.(Thanks stefauresi !!! ) 3. Edited some variable names I adjusted some inconsistently coded variables Addtional, Usage is the same as before. and Existing users can apply by "2) Rerun". Unfortunately, DS Finder's own app does not reflect system information. It seems to refer to other information and it seems to have to study more. I checked as much as I could ... There may be errors found. Let me know in that time and I will reflect it If you want to edit the CPU information yourself manually, please refer to the contents below. ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— Location : /usr/syno/synoman/mobile/ui (6.x), /usr/syno/synoman/webman/mapp(not yet 5.x) Source : mobile.js / mobile.js.gz(above 6.2) {name: "model",label: _T("common", "ds_model")}, -> Add Back Add Contents: {name: "cpu_series",renderer: function(value){var cpu_vendor="Intel";var cpu_family="Xeon";var cpu_series="E3-1230 V2";var cpu_cores="1"; return Ext.String.format('{0} {1} {2} ({3}Core)', cpu_vendor, cpu_family, cpu_series, cpu_cores);},label: _T("status", "cpu_model_name")}, ——————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————— ============================================================================ Update new version (ch_cpuinfo ver 5.0) 2018.10.30 1. Improved CPU information collection command (Thanks to gericb, Vileserver) Change to pure core value without applying thread, and For Native H/W users, changed to display the number of cpus, the number of cores per cpu, and the number of threads. ## Vmware 1 CPU / 1 Core Setting ## Vmware 1CPU / 2Core Setting ## ex. 1 CPU 1 Core Not support HT -> 1 Core (1 CPU | 1 Thread) 1 CPU 2 Core Support HT -> 2 Cores(1 CPU/2 Cores | 4 Threads) 2 CPU 4 Core Support HT -> 8 Cores(2 CPUs/4 Cores | 16 Threads) Addtional, Let me give you my excuse.... Where I work I count the number of threads by the number of logical cores. It was a habit of judging it because of work, so I was able to display the total number of cores without any thought. I apologize for the wrong information. Core information collection method, please refer to the contents below. ============================================================================================ ## before cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "processor" | wc -l ## After(The result of the following command is combined and dispalyed.) cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "processor" | sort -u | wc -l cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "physical id" | sort -u | wc -l cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "core id" | sort -u | wc -l cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "siblings" | sort -u | awk '{print $NF}' cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep "cpu cores" | sort -u | awk '{print $NF}' ============================================================================================ Reference images 1) First run 2) Redi 3) Restore 4) Mobile View Download files ch_cpuinfo ver 1.0 - delete -> ch_cpuinfo_en.tar -> ch_cpuinfo_ko.tar ch_cpuinfo ver 3.0 - delete -> ch_cpuinfo_en.tar -> ch_cpuinfo_ko.tar ch_cpuinfo ver 4.0 - delete -> ch_cpuinfo_en.tar -> ch_cpuinfo_ko.tar ch_cpuinfo ver 5.0 - update new version -> ch_cpuinfo_en.tar -> ch_cpuinfo_ko.tar
  5. В данной теме отписываемся о результатах обновления XPEnology DSM Успех или неудача при обновлении зависят от многих факторов, предугадать которые довольно сложно. Поэтому стоит вынести успешные и не успешные результаты в отдельную тему. Так же по мере возможности сюда можно выкладывать изменения в том или ином обновлении. Ссылки на официальный список изменений для следующих моделей: 916p - https://www.synology.com/ru-ru/releaseNote/DS916+#all_versions 3615xs - https://www.synology.com/ru-ru/releaseNote/DS3615xs#all_versions 3617xs - https://www.synology.com/ru-ru/releaseNote/DS3617xs#all_versions Убедительная просьба, обязательно указывайте: версию до обновления версию, на которую обновились ваш загрузчик и его версию метод установки вашей DSM (железо, платформа виртуализации и т.д) Часть информации может быть в подписи участников форума, будьте внимательны. Успешных обновлений!
  6. I created a tutorial for the French section so I thought, what the heck, let's do it for the English one as well. Here it goes. As most of you know by now Jun was able to find a way to install DSM 6 on non Synology boxes. Here is the thread that I recommend reading. At least make an effort and read the OP: https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/6253-dsm-6xx-loader/ Below is what you need for the operation. I will assume you are doing all this under Windows 10, 8, 7 or XP. If you are on a MAC computer have a look at this post I made on how to burn the image to a USB drive and then mounting the USB drive for editing the content. The rest of the tutorial still applies. If you are currently using DSM 5.1 or below first update to DSM 5.2. If you are doing a fresh install of DSM 6.0 then carry on with the tutorial and omit references to DSM 5.2. - Win32 Disk Imager to make a bootable USB drive; - A 4GB (or any size really) USB drive (flash drive) to install the loader. Not that this is necessary but use preferably a brand name (Kingston, SanDisk...); - A way to read your USB drive VID/PID. Here is a how-to >>> VID and PID; - A good text editor: Notepad++ I really don't recommend using Windows's Notepad; - DSM 6.0.2. The file comes straight from Synology servers; - Jun's official v1.01 loader (mirror). This is a hybrid UEFI/BIOS loader so it should work in most machines. Loader supports Intel and AMD CPUs; - Customized extra.lzma ramdisk. This ramdisk is optional and should only be used if the default ramdisk included in the loader is not detecting your hardware. I am just providing it for those who are having issues with network detection or unrecognised HDD controllers. This custom ramdisk contains additional modules (drivers) that were mostly taken from Quicknick's loader. I don't warranty they all work but I think most do. If you chose to use this ramdisk, you will need to replace (or rename, so you can revert) the default extra.lzma ramdisk from Jun's loader with this one. See change log at the end of the tutorial for additional modules. - Make sure your drives are plugged in direct succession starting from the 1st SATA port. Usually the first port is described as SATA0 on motherboards. Check with your MB manufacturer for exact nomenclature. - OSFMount to modify the grub.cfg file within the loader's image. This is not strictly necessary as Jun has made it possible to configure what needs to be modified via the Grub Boot Menu. I recommend you use OSFMount for now although it adds an extra step. If you prefer using Jun's new feature simply skip Point 5, read Note 4 instead and pick up at Point 6. PLEASE READ EVERYTHING PRIOR ATTEMPTING ANYTHING Use this loader at your own risk. I wont be held responsible for any loss of data or black smokes that may result in the use of this loader. Please note that this loader is based on DSM 6.0 Beta 2 branch 7274 and that a limited amount of drivers are included in the loader. If it is fundamental for you to have a NAS operating as quick as possible I recommend you look at the included drivers first at the bottom of this tutorial. If they are not there you will have to compile your own drivers. One last thing: DO NOT UPDATE DSM BEYOND VERSION 6.0.2 (6.0.3, 6.1, 6.1.X, 6.2) with loader v1.01. You have been warned. Here we go: 1 - BACKUP your data and save your configuration prior any attempts to migrate from DMS 5.2 to DSM 6.0.2. I can't stress this enough. JUST DO IT, as Nike likes to say. Also, print this tutorial if you can. It will make your life easier. 2 - Turn off your NAS and unplug the USB drive you are currently using with DSM 5.2. I recommend you put this USB drive aside in case migration to DSM 6.0.2 doesn’t go as expected and you need to revert to DSM 5.2. It will just make your life easier. 3 - Now go to your workstation/PC, plug a new USB drive (or the old one if you really don’t have any spare USB drives). Use the link I provided earlier to check your USB drive VID/PID. Write down the info somewhere as we will need it later. 4 - Unzip the loader you downloaded earlier. You will end up with a folder containing several files. Since we are installing on bare-metal you will only need the image file "synoboot.img". 5 - Now launch OSFMount. Select Mount New, then select the image file (i.e. synoboot.img) to open. Now select partition 0 (the one that is 30 MB). Click Ok. Then at the bottom of the window make sure to un-tick the "Read only drive". Click Ok. The EFI partition of the image file should now be mounted in file explorer. At this point you can navigate to the /image/DS3615xs directory and replace the extra.lzma ramdisk with the one provided above. When you are done come back to the root directory and go to the /grub directory and edit the grub.cfg file. Below is what you will see in the file. I am only showing below the portion of the code that is relevant for the purpose of this tutorial [...] set extra_initrd="extra.lzma" set info="info.txt" set vid=0x058f set pid=0x6387 set sn=C7LWN09761 set mac1=0011322CA785 set rootdev=/dev/md0 set netif_num=1 set extra_args_3615='' set common_args_3615='syno_hdd_powerup_seq=0 HddHotplug=0 syno_hw_version=DS3615xs vender_format_version=2 console=ttyS0,115200n8 withefi elevator=elevator quiet' set sata_args='sata_uid=1 sata_pcislot=5 synoboot_satadom=1 DiskIdxMap=0C SataPortMap=1 SasIdxMap=0' set default='0' set timeout='1' set fallback='1' [...] You want to modify the following: Change vid=0x090C to vid=0x[your usb drive vid] Change pid=0x1000 to pid=0x[your usb drive pid] Change sn=C7LWN09761 to sn=generate your sn here with DS3615xs model Change mac1=0011322CA785 to mac1=[your NIC MAC address]. You can also add set mac2=[your NIC MAC address #2] and so on until mac4 if you have multiple NICs. However, this is not necessary. Optional: Change set timeout='1' to set timeout='4' - This will allow you more time to make a selection in the Grub Boot Menu when it appears. Once you are done editing the grub.cfg file, save it and close your text editor. Now in OSFMount click on Dismount all & Exit. You are now ready to burn the image to your USB drive. 6 - Now use Win32 Disk Imager to burn the image file onto the USB drive. This will also make the USB drive bootable. 7 - Eject and unplug the USB drive from your workstation. Plug it in your NAS (avoid USB 3.0 ports. Use USB 2.0 port if available). Boot your NAS and before doing anything fancy, access your BIOS so to make your USB drive the 1st boot drive if it's not the case. The loader can boot in UEFI or in legacy BIOS, so you chose what suits you best. Also, make sure your HDDs are booting in AHCI mode and not in IDE, else it wont work. Finally, if disabled, also enable the serial port in BIOS. Some BIOS don't have this option so don't get too cranky on this if you can't find it. Save changes to the BIOS and REBOOT the NAS. 8 - Once rebooted, if you have a monitor connected to your NAS you will see the following Grub Boot Menu: If you are on an Intel based machine you can simply let it be and the loader will automatically start. However, if you are on a AMD based machine you will need to select the 4th line and then press enter. ADVICE: even before you see the Grub Boot Menu press the up/down key. This will stop the countdown so you will be able to select the desired line. You won’t see much other than the following after you press enter: If you booted the USB drive in EFI mode then you will see the same text without the last 3 lines but that's ok. 9 - Now go back to your workstation, and launch Synology Assitant or go to http://find.synology.com. Within one minute or so you should normally be able to see your NAS on the local network (it took 55 seconds on a test I did on a VM). Just follow the instructions and either chose "Install" if you wish to have a clean install or chose “Migration” if you are coming from DMS 5.2 and wish to update while retaining your data. You will be asked to provide the .PAT file you downloaded earlier (DSM_DS3615xs_8451.pat). 10 - When the migration is finished you will most probably have to update some of your packages. You can then proceed and update DSM 6.0 up to DSM 6.0.2-8451 update 11. It is possible you might either need to hard reboot or re-image your usb drive. DO NOT UPDATE DSM TO VERSIONS 6.0.3, 6.1, 6.1.x, 6.2, with loader v1.01. Make sure to deactivate auto-updates within DSM. 11 - You are done. If you have questions, first search the forum and/or Google then leave a comment if nothing helps. Please provide your hardware specifications (motherboard model, LAN controller, driver controller etc). Failure to prove such information will lead to the post being deleted. -------------- Note 1: If after following the tutorial you can’t find your NAS through http://find.synology.com ou Synology Assistant it is highly possible that the drivers of your NIC are not included in the ramdisk of the loader. Make an effort and use Google to know what modules your NIC and HDD controller are using, then check if those modules are included in the custom extra.lzma ramdisk. If yes then use the custom ramdisk. Don't ask me to look for you. If nothing works then ask your question. Note 2: Synology increased security in DSM 6. Root access through SSH is no longer available out of the box. You can however use your admin account and elevate permissions with the following command sudo -i Note 3: Please check you have the right VID/PID prior proceeding. If you get the following error ”Failed to install the file. The file is probably corrupted. (13)" it means your VID and/or PID is wrong. If you are 200% sure that your VID/PID is correct and you still get that error message then try to 'Force Install'. If that doesn't work then try another USB drive. Note 4: Changes made to the grub.cfg file can also be done directly during the Grub Boot Menu, so technically you can skip Point 5 and burn the image on the USB drive without editing anything (read Point 6 onward first). If you wish to do the changes from the Grub Boot Menu directly you need to press the letter 'C' when you see the Boot Menu. You will literally only have one second, so be fast. Once you press C you will be in a Grub command line environment. To change your VID enter the following: vid 0xYOUR 4 DIGITS USB DRIVE VID Do the same for pid, sn and mac1. Press enter at each command. The commands are: pid 0xYOUR 4 DIGITS USB DRIVE PID sn YOUR NAS SERIAL NUMBER mac1 YOUR NAS MAC1 ADDRESS If you have multiple NICs you can also issue mac2, mac3 and mac4 as commands. Maximum is mac4. See below: mac2 YOUR NAS MAC2 ADDRESS mac3 YOUR NAS MAC3 ADDRESS mac4 YOUR NAS MAC4 ADDRESS If you think you made a mistake in the numbers simply re-issue the command. When you are done press esc and select the appropriate menu entry. Below is an example of how it looks under the Grub command line environment: Note 5: If your encounter the error "We've detected errors on your hard drives [drive number] and the SATA ports have also been disabled" during installation, try the Force Install menu entry in the Grub Boot Menu. If this does not work then you have to fallback to adding SataPortMap to the grub environment. Press the letter 'C' at the Grub Boot Menu and then add the following: append SataPortMap=XX where XX is the number of drives. Don’t forget to update this parameter if you add additional drives to your machine. If you use Force Install, don't forget to re-select the first line of the Boot Menu once the NAS has rebooted after the installation else the Loader will re-select Force Install and you will be faced with some issues so please beware of this. @@@@@@@@ What does SataPortMap mean? @@@@@@@ @@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@@ ############## Know issues ##################### - When running on a slow single core machine, there is a race condition that causes the patcher to load too late. The most obvious sign is that console is not working properly. - Some ethernet drivers crash when set MTU above about 4096 (Jumbo frame). ############# Included default modules in Jun's Loader ############# ############# Additional modules in the custom extra.lzma ramdisk ############# ############## Tutorial UPDATES ##################
  7. Навернулась мамка на амд (AsRosk QC5000-ITX/PH/), прикупил Gigabyte GA-N3150N-D3V Заменил мать, бут не трогал стоит 1.02b Обновился через веб морду с 6.1.2-15132 U1 до 6.1.4-15217 U1 Все ОК. Кто на данной мамке (Gigabyte GA-N3150N-D3V) заюзал 916+ Отпишитесь по результатам пожалуйста, планирую слезть с 3615xs на 916+
  8. As it looks like, hp's ProLiant MicroServer Gen10 will be available soon for $ 399.- However, as of now, only one model is available, the one with AMD Opteron X3216 processor. Are there any plans to support this platform with a 1.02c or 1.03 release of Jun's loader?
  9. I 'm using my NAS PC for quite some time (over three years) and it is the first time that DSM doesn't update. Everytime a new update is released, I wait to see if it's safe to do it and only when I see it 's OK, I'm doing it. This time the update procedure is failing and the below error message is displayed. Does anyone know how to fix it? Or should I pass this update? Please advise.
  10. inthevidual

    Where is the DSM data stored?

    Hi, I've just got an XPEnology install up and running with Jun's loader under a Proxmox hypervisor. Everything seems to be working fine, persisting across reboots etc, but I'm just wondering where the DSM configuration data is stored? I have 4 SATA disks configured for direct passthrough and a RAID5 volume placed on them, and I boot the system using the synoboot.img from the loader. But where is all the DSM data stored? I can't see the synoboot.img changing and I don't know where else it would go.
  11. Hello, I have succesfully installed DSM 6.1.4 on a IoMega PX4-300D (Intel D525 Atom Dual Core CPU). Everything works perfectly, except the fact that the little monitor on the front stays unused with iomega logo. I've been searching for ways to get it to work and by looking around i've found this git: https://github.com/Wireheadbe/lenovoEMC-300d The guy managed to get the display working on a linux distro. I've tried to fiddle around and so far i git cloned the release and managed to install imagemagick through ipkg, but i'm unable to do the "make go" instruction as i cannot find build-essentials package. Anyone has an idea on how to build the folder ums8485md and/or ways to make this to work? Thanks in advance!
  12. Hello, I have a Problem with my Server. Server: Dual XEON X5650 Mainboard: Supermicro 8DTH Ram: 48GB Samsung ECC DDR3 USB-Stick as first and only boot device The server was running a long time good, but after an Update it changed. The Server does not boot anymore from the old USB stick so i made a new one but there the Server booted but i can‘t finde it in the Software. After that the server had sometimes a blackscreen with a blinking cursor, sometimes it couldn‘t load the kernel and somtimes only a blckscrean. I mad a few more USB sticks but no one woked. I tried it in a other computer, there it worked.
  13. panos

    Hp Microserver N40L Restart Problem

    Hello I managed to install in N40l xpenology DSM 6.1.5-15254 with jun loader v1.02b. All seems to work fine (i have slow transfer through samba) but that is not working is when i must restart the server i can find the server . The only way is to select the second option from usb boot that is "DS3615xs 6.1 Baremetal with Jun's Md v1.02b Reinstall"
  14. Hello folks, I have search on the forum and internet and I can't find an information on how to do it. There is some tutorial to do it without esxi but not with it. Currently, I don't have enough space on other disk to save everything and make a fresh install. So I would like to update without loosing any data. Does someone already did it ? For my understanding, I should select Jun's mod 1.02b vmdk file and start it as a primary drive. But will it update or overwrite the current xpenology? Thx, David
  15. Hey everyone, Currently playing on an N40L, using Jun's loader 1.02b, and succeeded to use the latest DSM 6.1.4-15217 Update 4. However, i'll replace both my N40L and my genuine DS215J with an HP microserver gen10 next week, and i'm planning to take the latest possible DSM. Updating DSM 6.1.4-15217 Update 4 to DSM_DS3615xs_6.2_23511 or DSM_DS3615xs_6.2-22259 results in failing DSM. I'm not sure if Jun or anyone else is working on this but i wish and really hope it . So basically I'm looking for a tutorial/guide on how to install DSM 6.2 beta (yet) on Hp Microserver (gen10). Alternatively i wish to understand how to do some logging / data collection of the loader to help the guys make a working loader for DSM6.2. Any suggestion is welcome! R/Mark (And thanks goes for Synology for making such a shit product (DS215J) with a great software (DSM) and with the worst customer support who can only say we are sorry for the inconvenience but not helping at all. This really helped me a lot to decide and build a XPEnology lately.) Just found the other topic as well, but not updated in the past 2 months.
  16. Ищу стабильную DSM... ну или может я не правильно думаю... может мне и железо не подходит... Железо такое: мать: ecs bat i j1800(Intel Celeron J1800), памяти 2гига + hdd 1tb. бп 350. Суть такая что при работе постоянно зависает..., при этом бывает что пингуется а бывает что нет, на любые соединения не реагирует(приходиться перезагружать кнопкой)... обычно при работе с переносом файлов... Железо все проверено не один раз, на винде и линуксе все прекрасно робило... Думал попробовать поставить 5.2 версию... у меня такая на нетбуке уже год стоит и ни разу не подвела, но хочется что то новое))) Может у кого какие мысли есть? Зарузчик делал "@Genesys's v1.02b loader" DSM 6.1.4-15217 Update 1 вот по этой инструкции >>>>
  17. GizmoPower

    Migrate from DS3617xs to DS3615xs

    I have a question regarding models. Running baremetal: DS3617XS 1.0.2b and 6.1.3 15152 Update1 Before I had ds3615xs installed. I migrated to ds3617xs becouse of my 2X Xeon prosessors. (2 X 2.16 quad) The thing i found out is that synocomunity and others dont support ds3617xs with their packages. I run Docker for some of these packages, but should I, or not, migrate back to ds3615xs with my prosessors in mind? Another thing that occured is that my 12Gb ram, was reduced to 8Gb ram after migrating to ds3617xs. That might be hardware fault, not sure. Thank you.
  18. Hi, I have inadvertently damaged my nanoboot usb drive. This usb nanoboot stick has been functioning for years now without any problems. I have a couple of harddrives attached and due to the age I don't have all the setup details anymore. While I was trying to create a new xpenology machine, I believe the DSM web assistant has connected to my nanoboot server, and inadvertently damadged / wrote to my nanoboot server. Since then it won't boot anymore. Boot ends with "Diskstation login:" cursor, and the synology webassistant finds my old nanoboot server as a DS3612xs migratable machine. I guess that information has been written to the bootsector of either the usb stick or to the harddrives. Preferably I would like to just restore my nanoboot server. If this shows impossible, I would like to try to recover the contents of the hard drives. I have already tried the following: - made a new nanoboot usb stick and tried to boot ->> this does not work (Diskstation login prompt) - boot with a ubuntu stick (version 12.10 I had lying around on a CD) ->> could not mount the hard drives, the volumes show as raid, ext4, but I was unable to mount them During boot process: - eth0 not running - eth1 not running So I'm not sure up to what point my installation has been damaged. What can you advise? Thanks for helping out!
  19. Redbeard

    Help Upgrading Microserver Gen8 DSM

    Currently i am running DSM 6.0.2-8451 Update 7 on my HP Microserver Gen8 and i would like to start updating it to the latest version. However, its been a while for me since I installed this update. Is possible to perform an update with the newest loader? Are there any tutorials/guids available? There used to be some pinned tutorials..
  20. I used to run DSM 6.1.4 on an HP Microserver Gen8 using loader 1.02b. a few days ago, I accidentally upgrade the DSM to 6.2 beta (it is stupid, i know), and the box just didn't boot anymore. In Synology Assistant, the Gen8 is not even discoverable (two NICs on Gen8 was configured as Bond connection in 6.1.4). I tried to prepare a fresh USB with 1.02b Loader, and after the box is booted into reinstall mode, I actually can find the both NIC in Synology Assistant, and the status is showing as recoverable. Same thing as if I access the box in the browser, it asks me to recover, but the problem will remain after choosing recover in either way. Please kindly help me on that. Thank you very much.
  21. Hi, I am a student at the University of Cincinnati and am looking to install DSM on one of my home rigs I have: Right now: 2C2T Sandy bridge Celeron (2nd gen intel) Gigabyte MOBO (embedded CPU) 4GB ram Various 1, 2 & 3tb HDDs Vtech 4 port HBA card In the future? (when I upgrade my current gaming rig) 4c8T Xeon E3-1265V3 (I7-4790 equivalent ) on ASUS or Asrock or Gigabyte MOBO 16 to 32gb ram Various 1, 2 & 3tb+ HDDs HBA card Possibly cache SSD Possibly 10GBe if prices are right I would be looking to experiment with hosting a website, and also would like to store video content on this server. I don't know though, what image and loader version to go with. I played around with DSM 6.1 BUT any time I went through the Synology Assistant, It would brick my build. The nas would not get recognized when i boot it back up after using the assistant. So? I am looking for the best Loader and PAT file for my goals. I want a stable system, w/h expansion that I can expand to a bigger CPU and more ram. I want to play with features, but also need to know that my data is as safe as it can be. *I have a DROBO Right now, but it's been giving me headaches so i want a new primary Nas Server* ThX, Josh
  22. Hello. A time I come reading the forum, ultimately I have decided to go for a NAS since my disc of network was not going too much good. I have followed the steps of several pages with indications and recommendations and several tutoriales, some of the forum and others of thereabouts, and ultimately I am decide for a HPE microserver GEN10, in which I have installed ubuntu 16.04 server (8gb ram, ssd and several hdd more). In this SO I have installed oracle virtualbox (I have tried so much with 5.40 of the repos of ubuntu, since with her 5.1.x of oracle for ubuntu 16.04). In VBOX is virtualizado successfully the DMS (with a system disc of 10Gb-poniéndolo scsi as the tuto say, but in a particion of the ssd - and that of launcher-loader in way ide, also in this partition of the ssd-, 2 cores, 2Gb of RAM ...). My problem comes, once installed and formed the DMS, when I try to add discs for the storage, that I do not manage to add new virtual discs successfully, only I can use as discs those of system (loader and the own partition of the SO, which scarcely they have usable space). On having tried to add other two discs hdd big that I want to use (several teras) there is no way of them connecting to the DSM. In the VM I put them without problems, have tried doing a link vmdk "virtually" to an entire disc directly and also creating a new vdi of fixed size and it adding like sata to the VM) but in no case it recognizes them as discs of the system. More that I have come it is to taking them as external units, with what he me shares them complete and I cannot create volumes, quotas, raid... I suppose that some he will say to me that he should install the DMS directly in one of the hdd directly (it was not my idea, which wanted to leave it only for information, but it it might it does this way) but in this case I will be equal, when it wants to add another disc of storage, how will I do it? How is it necessary to do this process? Must I put the virtual discs connected to the machine of virtualbox before starting installing? I have not found anything on this topic and gun-sight for that I have looked, but the same thing I am awkward ... help me please!!! Regards, Héctor.
  23. Hello, Can someone help me how to install 6.1 dsm on my mac pro? Spec: Mac Pro 3.1 intel 8 core, 16gb memory. 4tb hdd. I like to install without virtual programs.
  24. Hey Folks - We have made some great progress with our install and stuck on the very last step. 😩 Our Disktation installs successfully, reboots and comes back up again - after a few minutes the interface refreshes and says "Starting Services" in the assistant, if you browse to the web interface it states "System is getting ready" and simply sits there.... After a good 30 minutes nothing happens and it doesn't seem to move past this stage. We have Juns 1.02b boot loader and the DSM_DS3615xs_15152.pat file for the installation as per the guide. Hardware Setup: SuperMicro X9DBL-IF Motherboard 2 x Intel XEON E5-2418L 48Gb Ram ECC 3 x LSi 9211-8i (Flashed to IT Mode - Dell H200) HP NC365T Ethernet controller Various Hard Drives on the LSi's Has anyone else experienced anything similar to the above or can offer any insight / guidance as to what might be up? Many Thanks! MrTPN
  25. misut22

    samba error on DSM 6.0.2-8451 u11

    Hi all, I have DSM 6.0.2-8451 update 11, model DS3615xs with Juns loader 1.01 on HP ProLiant 160 Gen9 (VMware esxi 6.5) and I have problem with samba. When I want to open office documents larger (cca than 1MB) samba seys: "smb2 sendfile send_data: sendfile failed for file <whatever> (Connection reset by peer). Terminating" This is done on all computers (10pcs with win10 and office2016) that are connected to the DSM. Do not know where the problem might be? Thanks a lot, Martin.