Popular Post flyride Posted October 19, 2018 Popular Post Share #1 Posted October 19, 2018 This post was recognized by Polanskiman! flyride was awarded the badge 'Great Content' and 5 points. When setting up an XPEnology system, you must first select a DSM platform and version. XPEnology supports a few specific DSM platforms that enable certain hardware and software features. All support a minimum of 4 CPU cores, 64GB of RAM, 10Gbe network cards and 12-disk arrays. When you choose a platform and the desired DSM software version, you must download the correct corresponding loader. That may not be the "newest" loader available. The last 6.x version (6.2.4-25556) is functional only with the TCRP loader. TCRP is very different than the Jun loader. If you want to learn more, or if you are interested in deploying the latest 7.x versions, see the 7.x Loaders and Platforms thread. Be advised that installing 6.2.4 with TCRP is basically the same procedure as installing 7.x. Each of these combinations can be run "baremetal" as a stand-alone operating system OR as a virtual machine within a hypervisor (VMWare ESXi is most popular and best documented, but other hypervisors can be used if desired). Review the table and decision tree below to help you navigate the options. 6.x Loaders and Platforms as of 16-May-2022 Options Ranked DSM Platform DSM Version Loader Boot Methods*** Hardware Transcode Support NVMe Cache Support RAIDF1 Support Oldest CPU Supported Max CPU Threads Notes 1,3a DS918+ 6.2.0 to 6.2.3-25426 Jun 1.04b UEFI, BIOS/CSM Yes Yes No Haswell ** 8 6.2.0, 6.2.3 ok, 6.2.1/6.2.2 not recommended for new installs* 2,3b DS3617xs 6.2.0 to 6.2.3-25426 Jun 1.03b BIOS/CSM only No No Yes any x86-64 16 6.2.0, 6.2.3 ok, 6.2.1/6.2.2 not recommended for new installs* DS3615xs 6.2.0 to 6.2.3-25426 Jun 1.03b BIOS/CSM only No No Yes any x86-64 8 6.2.0, 6.2.3 ok, 6.2.1/6.2.2 not recommended for new installs* DS918+ 6.2.4-25556 TCRP 0.4.6 UEFI, BIOS/CSM Yes Yes No Haswell ** 8 recommend 7.x instead DS3615xs 6.2.4-25556 TCRP 0.4.6 UEFI, BIOS/CSM No No Yes any x86-64 8 recommend 7.x instead DS916+ 6.0.3 to 6.1.7 Jun 1.02b UEFI, BIOS/CSM Yes No No Haswell ** 8 obsolete, use DS918+ instead DS3617xs 6.0.3 to 6.1.6 Jun 1.02b UEFI, BIOS/CSM No No Yes any x86-64 16 6.1.7 may kernel panic on ESXi 4 DS3615xs 6.0.3 to 6.1.7 Jun 1.02b UEFI, BIOS/CSM No No Yes any x86-64 8 best compatibility on 6.1.x * 6.2.1 and 6.2.2 have a unique kernel signature causing issues with most kernel driver modules, including those included in the loader. Hardware compatibility is limited. ** FMA3 instruction support required. All Haswell Core processors or later support it. Only a select few Pentium, and no Celeron CPUs do. ** Piledriver is believed to be the minimum AMD CPU architecture to support the DS916+ and DS918+ DSM platforms. *** If you need an MBR version of the boot loader because your system does not support a modern boot methodology, follow this procedure. CURRENT LOADER/PLATFORM RECOMMENDATIONS/SAMPLE DECISION POINTS: 1. DEFAULT install DS918+ 6.2.3 - also if hardware transcoding or NVMe cache support is desired, or if your system only support UEFI boot Prerequisite: Intel Haswell (aka 4th generation) or newer CPU architecture (or AMD equivalent) Configuration: baremetal loader 1.04b, DSM platform DS918+ version 6.2.3 Compatibility troubleshooting options: extra.lzma or ESXi 2. ALTERNATE install DS3617xs 6.2.3 - if RAIDF1, 16-thread or best SAS support is desired, or your CPU is too old for DS918+ Prerequisite: USB key boot mode must be set to BIOS/CSM/Legacy Boot Configuration: baremetal loader 1.03b, DSM platform DS3617xs version 6.2.3 Compatibility troubleshooting options: extra.lzma, DS3615xs platform, or ESXi 3. ESXi (or other hypervisor) virtual machine install - generally, if hardware is unsupported by DSM but works with a hypervisor Prerequisites: ESXi hardware compatibility, free or full ESXi 6.x or 7.x license Use case examples: virtualize unsupported NIC, virtualize SAS/NVMe disks and present as SATA, run other ESXi VM's instead of Synology VMM Option 3a: 1.04b loader, DSM platform DS918+ version 6.2.3 Option 3b: 1.03b loader, DSM platform DS3617xs version 6.2.3 (VM must be set to BIOS Firmware) Preferred configurations: passthrough SATA controller and disks, and/or configure RDM/RAW disks 4. FALLBACK install DS3615xs 6.1.7 - if you can't get anything else to work Prerequisite: none Configuration: baremetal loader 1.02b, DSM platform DS3615xs version 6.1.7 SPECIAL NOTE for Intel 8th generation+ (Coffee Lake, Comet Lake, Ice Lake, etc.) motherboards with embedded Intel network controllers: Each time Intel releases a new chipset, it updates the PCI id for the embedded NIC. This means there is a driver update required to support it, which may or may not be available with an extra.lzma update. Alternatively, disable the onboard NIC and install a compatible PCIe NIC such as the Intel CT gigabit card. Spoiler [16-May-2022] Added 6.2.4 support via TinyCore RedPill [29-Dec-2020] Added options ranked to decision tree, added many links, fleshed out descriptions, cleanup [26-Nov-2020] Removed Linux kernel version, as features are now well defined to inform the platform selection [11-Aug-2020] Simplified notes due to 6.2.3 functionality. Added recommendations/sample decision points [15-Jan-2020] Added RAIDF1 support information [12-Jan-2020] Added CPU threads and updated extra.lzma applications [22/Dec/2018] Added information for Genesys loader build [20/Oct/2018] Updated for 1.04b loader [22/Nov/2018] Corrected E1000 vNIC dialect to e1000e for 1.03b on ESXi [10/Dec/2018] Updated earliest processor capability to reflect Nehalem report 31 22 Quote Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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