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Showing content with the highest reputation on 02/04/2019 in all areas

  1. 1 point
    Which DSM version shall I use? This is an oft-repeated question, complicated by the fact that different loaders support different DSM versions AND hardware platforms. In simple terms, DS3615/DS3617 has the widest support for hardware and packages, and DS916/DS918 has support for newer, low-cost CPU's, transcoding and NVMe cache (DS918 only). But the real questions are, what hardware do you have? What hardware do you want to buy in order to support what you want to do? And how does a DSM loader and platform support this? In order to answer, it's useful to understand what hardware is natively supported by DSM. Each DSM version is different as Synology does not need to support many types of hardware, as they build up a specific DSM for each hardware platform they sell. Fortunately, the base Linux kernel has much broader support for hardware than they intend. Most of us guessed at the hardware requirements and made (hopefully) intelligent selections on DSM versus hardware. Some build systems and then are distressed when the hardware isn't fully supported by the DSM platform they choose (sometimes this can be fixed by extra.lzma, and sometimes not). Unfortunately, Synology hardware knowledge is often imperfect, as the main boards are custom designed. Refer to the example below for DS918: DS918 Reference Hardware: CPU: Intel J3455 (Apollo Lake) GPU: Intel HD Graphics 500/505 Chipset: Intel SOC 2x1Gb Ethernet: ??? SATA: 88SE9125 PCIe SATA 6.0 Gb/s controller With even this information, we can make some good guesses on what hardware might be supported. Wouldn't it be great if we knew ALL the different drivers that are natively supported? Unfortunately this is a fairly difficult process if you are not a Linux guru (and a bit laborious even if you are). There are "user-reported" hardware compatibility threads out there, but many don't understand that those reports are both DSM version and platform specific. Furthermore, with the way hardware manufacturers reissue hardware with the same name but new PCI device number (such as the Intel PHYs on desktop motherboards), often not enough information is reported to confirm whether a specific piece of hardware is suitable for use. If you aren't sure if your hardware is supported, this post and the complementary DS3615 driver guide aims to help you. Download the attached Excel spreadsheet to see key driver support in the DS918 6.2.1 Synology custom kernel, and via loadable modules supplied with DSM. Hopefully it will help you select the best DSM platform for your purposes, and possibly inform your hardware purchases. DSM 6.2.1 DS918 V1.0 2018-Feb-03.xls
  2. 1 point
    Maybe I am not understanding what is being stated. NIC drivers are not in loaders except as part of an extra.lzma. The implication is that DSM 6.2 or 6.2.1 is used with a 1.03 or 1.04 loader, and for DS3615, DS3617 and DS918 DSM distributions, e1000e driver is present in all cases.
  3. 1 point
    Хранилище виртуалок по-любому лучше делать на быстрых носителях SSD или NVMe, а вот рейд уже для хранения инфы и бекапов. Накидал то, что на поверхности... Виртуалки на vmm в хрени, плюсы: додключение к виртуалке по ссылке в браузере, одна бесплатная виртуальная DSM, которую можно использовать для тестов и компиляции; минусы: нет динамического распределения памяти и ресурсов проца, нет звука в виртуалках, т.к. нет виртуальной аудиокарты, хрень умеет использовать NVMe только для кеша. Виртуалки и хрень на гипервизоре (ESXI), плюсы: динамическое распределение ресурсов, возможность использования NVMe в качестве быстрых разделов, есть звук в виртуалках; минусы: доступ к VM по RTDM или прочих приблуд. Дальше - думайте.
  4. 1 point
    Про виртуалки куча тем на форуме. У сино массивы на софте. А как строить - дело вкуса.
  5. 1 point
    Updated https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/13922-guide-to-native-drivers-dsm-617-and-621-on-ds3615/
  6. 1 point
    Bump for the addition of the 6.2.1 driver guide for DS3615. Comparing 6.1.7 and 6.2.1 is interesting, and I'll summarize findings here: r8168/r8169 support was completely removed from 6.2.1 on this platform Intel i40e and ixgbe drivers were enhanced on 6.2.1 to support newer cards Mellanox mlx4 and mlx5 drivers were enhanced on 6.2.1 to support newer cards Comparing DS3615 and DS918, in most cases there continues to be significantly better native driver support in DS3615, especially for 10Gbe+ cards. DSM supports many more 10Gbe+ cards than Synology lists on their compatibility matrix. However, loader 1.03b is really just broken, with many drivers causing kernel panics at boot, and some not working at all. Those who would use the driver list to inform an expensive hardware purchase should proceed with caution, and/or be willing to step backward to 1.02b and DSM 6.1.7 for compatibility reasons. @jun, if you are reading: there remains a need for the native driver library on DS3615 or DS3617, so if you can work 1.04b magic on the either platform, the community would benefit.
  7. 1 point
    У меня достаточно указать первый из кодеков и все остальные тоже активируются
  8. 1 point
    This is well documented, connect a serial port
  9. 1 point
    There are a lot of threads where people have edited their synoinfo file to match the drive layout/internal/external. It will be trial and error for you depending on your hardware/controller setup. I think I would do some tests by setting internal to say 16 drives (0xffff) and the usb and sata to none (0x0000), then play with the binary/hex conversion until you get a match. Obviously do all tests with a spare hdd. For example if you set to 16 internal and your esata appears as say drive 15, adjust internal to 0x02fff esata to 0x10000 (if my conversion is right)
  10. 1 point
    - Outcome of the installation/update: SUCCESSFUL - DSM version prior update: DSM 6.1.7-15284 Update 3 - Loader version and model: JUN'S LOADER v1.04b - DS918+ - Using custom extra.lzma: NO - Installation type: BAREMETAL - Asus AM1I-A - AMD 5350 + 8GB Ram - Additional comments: add "disable_mtrr_trim" to grub.cfg
  11. 1 point
    How to activate without a valid serial or synology account https://xpenology.com/forum/topic/13289-the-new-active-backup/?tab=comments#comment-101062
  12. 1 point