I have the same h200 firmware flashed as you do. I managed to resolve the issue, although not as I would like it.
It was failing because of an issue with proxmox doing the passthrough to the VM. when launching the VM, It would get a PCI address header failure (which apperently can be ignored), but I had my doubts. I installed ESXi on another drive and stuck that in the machine and eevrything just worked perfectly on my first attempt.
Unfortunately, that means I have to migrate some of the other vms to ESXi and will have to use full VMs rather than just the containers.
Its unfortunate that I couldnt get proxmox working with it though.
Have you updated to the latest version of DSM? I'm kinda worried about that potentially breaking things.