ruffpl

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Posts posted by ruffpl


  1. I am thinking about building some low tdp standalone Xpenology box instead my server Xeon builds. I was thinking about buying cpu for DS918 loader and get it on hypervisor to have also extra windows system (in case of backup to LTO that probably will not be possible by XPenology). Mobo is not my main need because I will be using sas controller. I would like to get some "4k Group 1" cpu like Celeron J3455 or some similar pentium G, Xeon E3 or core i5/7 that could transcode 4k (if it will be possible on VM) and maybe some cache in future. What do You suggest to look for?


  2. As I know it is not possible to transcode videos in Xpenology as VM on ESXI. For now I have Xpenology 918 as VM to manage shr pool, downloads, audio station, etc, but I am thinking how to transcode videos by DLNA. Its good that I can play videos by build in dsm media center but I have a lot of videos that my tvs can not play. I can not get Plex spk and Jellifyn in Docker to work. What are Your suggestions to have a multimedia server that can transcode not supported videos from Xpenology and be able to play videos with srt files? Maybe some unix distro like Ubuntu VM + Docker + Jellyfin?


  3. I am trying to mount hdds directly to xpenology vm in proxmox and I need to connect 7 sata drives to it. It works with sata after adding model/serial line in config file (or by "qm set" command) but the limit is 6 drives. When I try same way with scsi it mounts only first drive. I tried changing Proxmox grub config file so I could passthrough whole LSI Logic Megaraid 3108 controller to it. After that I can add it in menu, start vm but I can not find ip number and access it. How can I add these drives (DS918+)?

     


  4. Is there a way to add more than 7 drives? When I write lines with sata3, sata4, etc in config file they show up  in DSM, but when I try with this SCSI solution it only passthrough one drive from raid. When I change it back to sata, it works again. Is there a way to fix it? I would like to attach 8 sata hdds to xpenology

     

     

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  5. One more question. Can I " jump" from one platform to another if storage pool with data is already created? F.ex if I create Vm, pass-through all drives, put my data on it, but after some time I would like to try different Ds. Can new VM (with passed-through same list of disks) not going to format the pool?

    Ps. Will ssd cache work if I pass-through (some cheap) 2x ssd by sata or it have to be some nvme by pci adapter?


  6. Which one will be better for hw transcoding on Proxmox running with xeon e5v3 (2,4 - 3,2 ghz turbo)? For now I was testing DS3617 platform that can support 16 cpu threads. Another thing is that I need around 8 or even more sata ports. Will it be better if I use DS918 with newer kernel? From the table I read it support ssd cache but does it support at least 8 hdds and does 8 cpu threads will be enough for transcoding?


  7. I am testing small btrfs pool. I added 2 old sata drives (ext4) from my previous synology box and add the lines  " sata_: /dev/disk/by-id/ata-____,serial=____,backup=0 "    in    /etc/pve/qemu-server/     config file and they show up in DSM without any problem. Can all extra drives  be added  this way or I had to perform some extra commands in terminal? In DSM I dont see any S.M.A.R.T. informations about them/ is theres a way to fix it?

    And also- how can I get on the pool from Windows by ftp/sftp ( FIlezilla, Winscp, etc)? Do I need to mount this pool in Proxmox or something? Where it is stored? I can access only by Xpenology ip to shared folders only as admin not by root.


  8. Thanks. I will read a little more about it and I will think over that idea. Right now I have a zfs pool created by Proxmox that suppost to be run all by Xpenology. Problem is that by NFS i can only use file station, download station and DSM have no extra access to this pool like to its own disks. I would like to have half of my server working just lije baremetal Xpenology NAS and other half use for my other Virtual machines, etc. If it is going to work I think I will start to copy my data again on old drives.


  9. So if I use host system ( ESXI, PROXMOX,etc) and passthrough all my needed sata disks to virtual machine (Xpenology) they will work like normal disks connected directly to it, independent from the host? Then if I create btrfs pool from those disks by DSM I will have whole control of them by xpenology/ not by host system (so we can say that it will be entirely separated NAS machine located on my server)? So whole data on it will be stored on normal btrfs partition / not any kind of huge virtual disk or something simmilar?

    I am asking because I am thinking about moving my whole data pool directly to Xpenology because I want to have control of snapshots, indexing etc that I can not deal with right now when the pool is connected by NFS share into DSM .

    Ps. Will the system (DSM) that will be stored on virtual sata (on host ) is also going to have some copy on btrfs pool? (I had it like that on my old DSM5 that every disk was splitted on partitions and had a copy of DSM system)


  10. I have a question. Let say that I dont want to have baremetal xpenology because I also need some virtual systems to use next to it. I create f.ex 20Gb virtual disk for system and want to have big btrfs shr storage pool ( so probably I need to passthrough every disk for it.)  What will happen with data on btrfs storage if f.ex virtual machine will fail I will not have any backup of system and I will have to install it from begining. Is data safe on these disks, is new system going to mount it somehow or system will have to format disks and create everything from begining? 


  11. I am trying to get my Proxmox zfs storage pool work with Xpenology VM but only thing that I managed was to get acces to it by File Station (mounted as NFS share) and Download Station ( so it can download to selected folder on my pool). Is there any way to mount it to indexing folder for Multimedia server/Video Station, Audio Station , etc? The only multimedia application that work is Plex- my tv sees it by DLNA but subtitles doesnt work (Video station dont have access to pool, same as Emby, but Jellyfin as Docker container have a option to add folder/mount point when it is created but I can not get DLNA to start...).  Did someone managed to start multimedia server indexing or some dlna aplication to work in xpenology vm?


  12. Sorry for being late, but I spend lot of time today writing it all into one simple instruction and translating it to make it understadable. This is my own tutorial (that worked during several attempts) just for my home use. I am not IT specialist so it is written in a way that I ( and I hope other people) will understand easily. If I made or wrote something wrong please correct me.  Ps.  Sorry for my bad english and uppercase letters but in my descriptions I always use them and I don't have more strength today to rewrite it anymore. If You do it the way like it is on the list depends also of your hardware it should work. REMEMBER- YOU DO IT ON YOUR OWN RESPONSIBILITY.

     

    Some extra stuff that are needed for this: Xpenology tool, Filezilla, img2kvm, ( +extra:  notepad++, osfmount, Synology mod new). It goes like this:

     

     

    1. DOWNLOAD XPENOLOGY TOOL. START IT, CHOOSE DOWNLOADS  AND DOWNLOAD:

    A) LOADER 1.03B FOR DS3617XS

    B) DSM 6.2 FOR DS3617XS (PAT FILE)

     

    2. IF YOU WANT YOU CAN MODIFY THE SERIAL NUMBER AND MAC OF NETWORK CARD, OR JUST SKIP IT AND GO DIRECTLY TO POINT 10

    3. INSTALL  PASSMARK OSF MOUNT AND NOTEPAD ++  ON YOUR COMPUTER

    4. OPEN DOWNLOADED ISO BY PASSMARK, SELECT 1 PARTITION (15 MB), DESELECT  "READ ONLY" SO YOU CAN CHANGE IT AND AFTER THAT ACCEPT ALL

    5. A NEW MOUNTED DRIVE WILL APPEAR IN THE WINDOWS EXPLORER, OPEN IT

    6. ENTER THE FOLDER  GRUB/GRUBCFG  AND CLICK EDIT WITH NOTEPAD ++

    7. NOW OPEN SYNOLOGY MOD NEW.XLSM  EXCEL FILE, CHOOSE YOUR MODEL (3615 AND 3617 ARE THE SAME) 

    8. COPY THE GENERATED SERIAL AND PASTE IT IN SOME NEW TEXT DOCUMENT ON DESKTOP OR SOMEWHERE. CLICK ON SYNOLOGY MAC (ON THE BOTTOM OF EXCEL SHEED-   NEXT TO SYNOLOGY SERIAL) AND COPY GENERATED MAC ADRESS,  ALSO PASTE IT INTO TEXT DOCUMENT   
       EXAMPLE:  SYNOLOGY SERIAL: A1BBB11111   MAC: 00-11-22-2A-11-2A   
       NOW REMOVE THE    -    FROM MAC SO YOU WILL GET ONE LONG NUMBER     0011222A112A
    9.  IN EDITED GRUB.CFG FIND THE LINE AND SWAP YOUR NUMBER INSTEAD OF ORIGINAL SO IT WILL LOOK LIKE :

     sn = A1BBB11111 
     mac1 = 0011222A112A 

     SAVE FILE, CLOSE FILE, DISASSEMBLY DISK (DISKMOUNT AND EXIT)

     

    10. INSTALL FILEZILLA AND LOG IN TO PROXMOX F.EX:

        SERVER: sftp://192.168.1.100          USER NAME: root            PASSWORD: yourproxmoxpassword         PORT: LEAVE BLANK


    11. PASTE YOUR CHANGED ( OR ORIGINAL) synoboot FILE TOGETHER WITH THE img2kvm FILE INSIDE PROXMOX TO THE FOLDER / root /    
        (INSIDE ROOT FOLDER WHERE YOU HAVE   gnupg, ssh, bash history, bashrc, forward, profile, rnd)


    12. CREATE NEW VIRTUAL MACHINE IN PROXMOX ( I AM GOING TO PUT IT ON MY ZFS STORAGE POOL CALLED "VIRTUALCENTER" WITH VIRTUAL MACHINE NUMBER 100) SO:

     

    GENERAL: 
                    NODE:PROXMOX
                    VM ID:100

    OS:
                    DO NOT USE ANY MEDIA
                    OS: LINUX 5.X-2.6 KERNEL

    SYSTEM: 
                    ALL DEFAULT

    HARD DISK:

                    BUS/DEVICE: SATA 0
                    STORAGE/SIZE: YOUR CHOICE (MY- VIRTUALCENTER)

    CPU:
                    YOUR CHOICE

    MEMORY:  
                    YOUR CHOICE

    NETWORK:
                    INTEL E1000

     

    13. MACHINE READY / DO NOT TURN IT ON. BOOT FILE IS ALREADY IN THE FOLDER / root / READY TO CONFORM, SO WE CONTINUE...


    14. ENTER PROXMOX SHELL AND COPY/PASTE THE COMMAND:


    chmod + x img2kvm


    THEN PASTE NEXT COMMAND ( REMEMBER - NUMBER "100" IS OUR VIRTUAL MACHINE  AND  "VIRTUALCENTER" IS A PLACE WHERE 50MB BOOT FILE WILL BE CREATED. IT IS JUST AN EXAMPLE SO IF YOUR VM ID NUMBER AND PLACE WHERE YOU WANT TO HAVE YOUR VM IS DIFERENT THAN CHANGE THEM TO YOURS. REMEMBER THAT IT  MUST OPERATE THE WM IMAGE FUNCTION AND IF NOT JUST ADD THIS IN OPTIONS IN PROXMOX/DATACENTER/STORAGE/EDIT/CONTENT-DISK IMAGE)


    COMMAND: 


    ./img2kvm synoboot.img 100 vm-100-disk-1 VIRTUALCENTER

     

    15. NEW DISK WILL APPEAR WITH THE NAME "UNUSED DISK 0 VIRTUALCENTER-vm-100-disk-1" IN YOUR VIRTUAL MACHINE HARDWARE


    16. WHEN YOU CLICK EDIT YOU WILL SEE SOMETHING LIKE   BUS/DEVICE SATA 1  DISK IMAGE/VIRTUALCENTER: vm-100-disk-1    CLICK: ADD (REMEMBER ADD/NOT CLOSE WINDOW)
         AFTER ADDING THE DISK, INSTEAD OF "UNUSED"  IT WILL CHANGE INTO  SATA 1 DISK)


    17. ENTER THE OPTIONS/ BOOT ORDER AND CHANGE THE STARTUP DEVICE 1 TO   SATA 1 DRIVE   AND

          IF YOU WANT YOU CAN CHOOSE BOOT AT STARTUP (YOUR CHOICE)


    18. START YOUR VIRTUAL MACHINE


    19. OPEN YOUR WEB BROWSER AND TYPE    find.synology.com  

         SEARCH FOR YOUR SYNOLOGY MACHINE AND WAIT COUPLE SECONDS


                                                 ..... TADAAA ...

     

    IF YOU DONE EVERYTHING RIGHT YOU GOT YOUR VIRTUAL XPENOLOGY ( READY TO INSTALL DSM6). REMEMBER YOUR XPENOLOGY  IP NUMBER (YOU CAN CHANGE IT LATER IN  DSM OPTIONS TO STATIC IP)


    20. CLICK  AND INSTALL DOWNLOADED DSM_DS3617xs_23739.pat / ERASE THE DATA ON DRIVE AND CONTINUE THE INSTALLATION UNTIL XPENOLOGY WILL RESTART SO YOU CAN  CONFIGURE USER NAME, PASSWORD, ETC. ON THE END YOU CAN ALSO ADD ANOTHER VIRTUAL DISK FOR SHARED FOLDERS .SPK FILES  AND OTHER STUFF IN YOUR VM/HARDWARE/ADD HARD DISK.


    DONE.
     


  13. Hi. I tried my new test configuration with xpenology as WM in Proxmox. For my needs I got double socket mainboard and xeons for use: 2x e5 2640v3 and 1x e5 2673v3 + 6x6tb drives and I would like to connect around 2 more to it. Soon I will install it to use it as stable virtual machine. Which loader and platform would You recommend to create as a xpenology VM? I tried luckily with Loader 1.03b and DS3617/DS3615 but what about 1.04b + DS918- does it support more than 4 drives and is possible to use NVme cache if it will be VM by pcie adapter?


  14. Yes!!!🥳  It took me 3 days of torment and attempts to install it in all possible ways and finally today I was able to install  DSM 6.2 for DS3615xs with Jun's loader 1.03b in Proxmox ( for me virtualization is something new compared to baremetal instalation of Xpenology 5.1 so I even mad my own tutorial for dummies 🙃).

    Now... is it possible to access ( created by Proxmox )ZFS pool or I have to create some new BTFRS storage pool in Xpenology?


  15. I wanted to upgrade my old baremetal DSM 5 to something better and switch to zfs file system, but after time I came to conclusion that btrfs will be better ( option of expand/ resize disks space and snapshots are priority, so Synology SHR would be the best for me).  I also like synology aplications for android so I would like to still use xpenology as my basic OS on my home server. As for virtual  systems never tried anything serious  except virtualbox on windows, so I need a little advice.

    In home I have fiber modem from my provider with a lot of locked options which is going to be connected to Dlink  dgs 1210-48 switch. As home server Im going to use supermicro mainboard with xeon e5v3. For begining as storage I would like to use around 4 disks in SHR, 16gb of ddr4 ecc ram and 2 ssd disks as a system disk in raid 1 ( or some better option) to keep hypervisor OS and virtual systems on it. I would like to have a hypervisor to use DSM, Windows 10 remotely and some unix distros for tests. 

    I want to :

    store data for the whole family

    - use media server, play videos via DLNA, and 4k transcode (maybe DSvideo, Plex or other solution for home smart tvs/kodi players, tv boxes)

    - use Download Station or simmilar torrent downloader with search engine (maybe qbit torrent)

    - 24h home monitoring for around 8- 16 cameras ( this maybe by some virtual system or application)

    - have access from my laptop/pc by web or some remote manager to virtual win 10 if I need to convert, download, etc a lot of data ( so I dont need to leave laptop/ pc turned on whole night )

    - use VPN in whole home devices (never tried that)

    - have access to my server remotely by website (dyndns, or similar/ also never tried that)

    - have option to passthrough f.ex disk, gpu, sound card to virtual OS

     

    Am I able to configure it all as I wrote? Which hypervisor OS would be the best? Proxmox, ESXI or some other option?


  16. Some time ago I had build my own NAS based on intel core and xpenology system installed. Now I want to upgrade it. At the beginning I wanted to build my own home server with 2 xeons but now I think that the cost of maintaining it will be too high when it will be running 24h per day and I actually will never use its full power. I am thinking about building something cheaper for home use based on AMD Ryzen/ Athlon that will be energy efficient but will have enough power to transcode by DLNA/media server 4k movies (f.ex 2-3 ) + stream music + handling torrent client all at the same time. I was thinking about buing used parts of : Athlon 240GE + MSI A320M pro M2 + 16gb ddr4 ecc (have one spare/ I think mobo can run it but in non ecc mode) + LSI raid controller. What do You think about it?